Blood Pressure, Sugar and Fat – What Are the Ideal Levels?

Blood Pressure
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In order to know how you are doing when it comes to blood sugar levels, blood pressure or cholesterol, you ought to take two steps. First – measure them, second – learn the reference values. We can not measure your blood pressure virtually, but we can teach you about reference values.

Blood sugar level changes during the day, so a couple of measurements a day is required. If two measurements on an empty stomach show a higher value than 6.1 mmol/l, caution is needed along with regular monitoring of the condition in case the sugar level increases.

Diabetes is diagnosed when two measurings on an empty stomach show an amount of sugar greater than 7.0 mmol/l.

The ideal level of blood sugar ranges from 3.8 to 6.9 mmol/l.

low »less than 3.5 mmol/l

normal »3.8 to 6.9 mmol/l

borderline »7.8 to 11 mmol/l

high »above 11.1 mmol/l

In case you have not known it so far, mmHG is a unit of pressure and stands for a couple of millimeters of a mercury column. More millimeters in the mercury column indicates a higher pressure. Of course, this is only true for analoguous pressure gauges; nowadays the digital ones are becoming increasingly popular.

Increased blood pressure is associated with aging. Because of the hardening of the walls of blood vessels, older people have physiologically elevated blood pressure values.

The blood pressure values are:

CategorySystolic Pressure (mmHg)Diastolic Pressure (mmHg)
Optimal pressure<120<80
Normal pressure<130<85
Increased normal pressure130–13985–89
Mild hypertension140–15990–99
Moderate hypertension160–179100–109
Severe hypertension>180>110
Isolated systolic hypertension>140<90


Borderline cholesterol
value has changed through history. Sometimes healthy values were up to 7 mmol/l, and today they are only 5 mmol/l (total adult cholesterol).

Life expectancy is shorter when the amount of plasma is higher than 4.65, so lower cholesterol is not a bad thing.

Total Cholesterol

children » below 4.7 mmol/L

adults » below 5.0 mmol / l

Cholesterol is only one of the constituents of lipoprotein (a biochemical compound consisting of proteins and lipids).

HDL (Abbreviation for High Density Lipoprotein)

High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) collects cholesterol from the tissue in the body and transmits it to the liver; it is often called “good cholesterol”.

men »higher than 1.0 mmol/l

women »higher than 1.2 mmol/l

LDL (Abbreviation for Low Density Lipoprotein)

Low density lipoprotein (LDL) transmits cholesterol from the liver to the cells in the body.

both women and men » lower than 3.0 mmol/l

women »higher than 1.2 mmol/l

triglycerides

both women and men »below 1.7 mmol/l

Resting heart rate depends largely on physical condition. In athletes, for example, the volume of the heart is much higher and their pulse much lower. The normal resting heart rate is somewhere between 50 and 95 beats per minute. If you notice that you have pulmonary arrhythmia, your heartbeats take turns being faster or slower, it would be good to perform an ECG heartbeat examination.

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